"Citations are the cornerstone upon which judicial opinions and law review articles stand....The ability to check citations and verify that citations to the original sources are accurate is integral to ensuring accurate characterizations of sources and determining where a researcher found information.  However, accurate citations do not always mean that a future researcher will be able to find the exact same information as the original researcher.  Citations to disappearing websites cause problems for legal researchers."

Raizel Liebler & June Liebert, Something Rotten in the State of Legal Citation: The Life Span of a United States Supreme Court Citation Containing an Internet Link (1996-2010), 15 YALE J.L. & TECH. 273, 275 (2013).


The following table lists Ninth Circuit opinions issued from 2008 to 2015 that cite to Internet addresses (URLs).  (For pdfs of websites cited in Ninth Circuit opinions from January 1, 2016 forward, see the case docket on PACER.)  Because some URLs cited in court opinions may change over time or disappear altogether, this project attempts to capture, as closely as possible, what the court was referencing at the time the opinion was released. Using the URL cited in the opinion, the Ninth Circuit Library saves a copy of the cited material as a PDF file and adds a watermark to denote the document's archived status. The Library does not attempt to determine if any changes have been made to the website between the date the court last visited the site and the date the Library archived it. 

In the default table view, opinions are arranged by year (current year first) and then alphabetically by case name. The table is  searchable by year, case name, date of opinion, docket number, and citation. To retrieve the archived copy of the cited material, click on the link under the "Document Description" column. To view the current website, copy and paste the URL into your browser. Note: not all addresses listed may be active.

Disclaimer: This information is provided for your convenience. The United States Courts do not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of outside information. These documents and sites do not necessarily reflect the opinions, standards, or policies of the United States Courts and the links to them are not intended to endorse any views, products and services, or organizations. The copyright for any archived material remains with the original authors and publishers. Authors of copyrighted materials linked to in this archive may have their link manually removed by contacting the webmaster@lb9.uscourts.gov.

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