Justice Anthony M. Kennedy

Understanding Freedom's Heritage: How to Keep and Defend Liberty

 

The Robert T. Matsui U.S. Courthouse in Sacramento is the home to The Anthony M. Kennedy Library and Learning Center.  At the dedication ceremony on March 7, 2013, a reading list developed by the guest of honor, United States Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, was distributed to guests. Entitled “Understanding Freedom’s Heritage: How to Keep and Defend Liberty,” Justice Kennedy's selections bring alive key principles that are integral to our nation’s DNA.  Although prepared for young people, this collection of books, speeches, letters, judicial writings, and important founding documents provides thought-provoking reading for people of all ages.

The Ninth Circuit Library is pleased that Justice Kennedy has authorized us to share the current version of his reading list with you. The list in its entirety with links to the selected readings, where available, is set forth below.  The list is also available in pdf format here.

Understanding Freedom’s Heritage:
How to Keep and Defend Liberty


This list, prepared for young people by
Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, includes some acknowledged classics
and some idiosyncratic choices.

June 25, 2013

Sophocles, Antigone (Antigone’s plea to Creon) (442 B.C.)
http://www.bartleby.com/8/6/

Pericles, Funeral Oration (431 B.C.)
http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/education/thucydides.html

Plato, The Allegory of the Cave The Republic, Book VII) (c. 380 B.C.)
http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/republic.1.introduction.html

Cicero, First Oration Against Catiline (63 B.C.)
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/24967/24967-h/24967-h.htm

Magna Carta (Articles 39 and 40) (1215)
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/

William Shakespeare, Merchant of Venice (Portia’s speech) (1596-98)
http://www.opensourceshakespeare.org/views/plays/playmenu.php?WorkID=merchantvenice

(Act IV, Scene 1, beginning at line 2125)

William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar (Marc Antony’s funeral oration for Caesar) (1599)
http://www.opensourceshakespeare.org/views/plays/playmenu.php?WorkID=juliuscaesar

(Act III, Scene 2, beginning at line 1617)

Edmund Burke, Speech to the Electors at Bristol (1774)
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15198/15198-h/15198-h.htm

Patrick Henry, Speech to Second Virginia Conference (1775)
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/patrick.asp

Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence (1776)
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/declaration.html

George Washington, Resignation Speech (1783)
http://gwpapers.virginia.edu/documents/revolution/resignation.html

Preamble, The Constitution of the United States (1787)
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html

Federalist Paper No. 1 (1787)
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/fed01.asp

William Wilberforce, Abolition Speech (1789)
http://abolition.e2bn.org/people_24.html

Friedrich Schiller, The Maid of Orleans (plea by Joan) (1801)
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/6792

Daniel Webster, Second Reply to Hayne (1830)
http://www.dartmouth.edu/~dwebster/speeches/hayne-speech.html

Sojourner Truth, Ain’t I A Woman? (1851)
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/sojtruth-woman.asp

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere (1861)
http://www.bartleby.com/42/789.html

Abraham Lincoln, The Gettysburg Address (1863)
http://www.nps.gov/liho/historyculture/gettysburgaddress.htm

Abraham Lincoln, Letter to Mrs. Bixby (1864)
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1864lincoln-bixby.asp

John Greenleaf Whittier, Barbara Frietchie (1864)
http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/174751

Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address (1865)
http://www.nps.gov/liho/historyculture/secondinaugural.htm

William Ernest Henley, Invictus (1875)
http://www.bartleby.com/103/7.html

Susan B. Anthony, Women’s Right to the Suffrage (1873)
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1873anthony.asp

Chief Joseph, Surrender Speech (1877)
http://wilderness.nps.gov/idea46.cfm

The Civil Rights Cases (Harlan, J., Dissenting) (1883)
109 U.S. 3 (1883)
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0109_0003_ZD.html

Theodore Roosevelt, Duties of American Citizenship (1883)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/tr-citizen/

Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn (Chapter XXXI: Huck’s Moral Dilemma) (1885)
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/76/76-h/76-h.htm

Plessy v. Ferguson (Harlan, J., Dissenting) (1896)
163 U.S. 537 (1896)
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0163_0537_ZD.html

Emile Zola, J’Accuse (1898)
http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/J'accuse

Theodore Roosevelt, Man in the Arena (1910)
http://www.theodore-roosevelt.com/images/research/speeches/maninthearena.pdf

Emmeline Pankhurst, Freedom or Death (1913)
http://www.guardian.co.uk/greatspeeches/pankhurst/0,,2060104,00.html

John McCrae, In Flanders Fields (1915)
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/353/353-h/353-h.htm

Abrams v. United States (Holmes, J., Dissenting) (1919)
250 U.S. 616 (1919)
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0250_0616_ZD.html

Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken (1920)
http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/173536

Clarence Darrow, Closing Argument in Illinois v. Leopold & Loeb (1924)
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/leoploeb/darrowclosing.html

Whitney v. California (Brandeis, J., Concurring) (1927)
274 U.S. 357 (1927)
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0274_0357_ZC.html

Lou Gehrig, Farewell to Baseball (1939)
http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/lougehrigfarewelltobaseball.htm

The Great Dictator (Film: Chaplin’s speech declining the dictatorship) (1940)
http://www.americanrhetoric.com/MovieSpeeches/moviespeechthegreatdictator.html

Winston Churchill, We Shall Fight on the Beaches (1940)
http://www.winstonchurchill.org/learn/speeches/speeches-of-winston-churchill/128-we-shall-fight-on-the-beaches

Winston Churchill, Their Finest Hour (1940)
http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/mod/1940churchill-finest.asp

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, The Four Freedoms (1941)
http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/fourfreedoms

John Gillespie Magee, High Flight (1941)
http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=1349

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Pearl Harbor Address (1941)
http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/document.html?doc=15

Ghandi, Quit India (1942)
http://www.mkgandhi.org/speeches/qui.htm

Korematsu v. United States (Murphy, J., Dissenting) (1944)
323 U.S. 214 (1944)
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0323_0214_ZD1.html

Martin Niemöller, First They Came (1946)
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007392

Jawaharlal Nehru, Tryst with Destiny (1947)
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1947nehru1.asp

George Orwell, 1984 (1948)

William Faulkner, Acceptance of Nobel Prize (1950)
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1949/faulkner-speech.html

Whittaker Chambers, Witness (Preface) (1952)

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
347 U.S. 483 (1954)
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0347_0483_ZO.html

Friedrich Dürrenmatt, The Visit (1956)

12 Angry Men (Film) (1957)

Dwight D. Eisenhower, Farewell Address (1961)
http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=90&page=transcript

John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Address (1961)
http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=91&page=transcript

To Kill a Mockingbird (Film: Gregory Peck’s closing argument to the jury) (1962)

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962)

Martin Luther King, Jr., I Have a Dream (1963)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/documentsentry/doc_august_28_1963_i_have_a_dream/

Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail (1963)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/resources/article/annotated_letter_from_birmingham/

Don McLean, American Pie (Song) (1971)
http://www.don-mclean.com/viewsong.asp?id=89

Michael Crichton, The Great Train Robbery (Preface) (1975)

Ronald Reagan, The Boys of Pointe du Hoc (1984)
http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1984/60684a.htm

Ronald Reagan, Speech at Berlin Wall (1987)
http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1987/061287d.htm

Texas v. Johnson (Kennedy, J., concurring) (1989)
491 U.S. 397 (1989)

http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0491_0397_ZC.html

A Few Good Men (Film: Tom Cruise’s direct examination of Jack Nicholson) (1992)

Shawshank Redemption (Film: Mozart Duet Inspires Prisoners) (1994)

Legally Blonde (Film: Reese Witherspoon’s commencement address) (2001)

Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
539 U.S. 558 (2003)
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/02-102.ZS.html
 

Disclaimer: The Ninth Circuit Library has provided the links here for your convenience. We take no responsibility for and exercise no control over the organizations, views, accuracy, copyright or  trademark compliance,  or legality contained on these sites. The contents of these sites do not necessarily reflect the opinions, standards, or policies of the United States Courts.

Some of the items are covered by copyright and are not available online. These items, and print editions of all the items, are available at your local library.