Standards of Review
Revised May 2012
|None of these Outlines are intended to express the opinion of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. Instead, they are offered merely as a research tool. Users are strongly encouraged to read the cases and conduct independent research. These Outlines are updated by court staff annually at best and so, legislation may change and/or the cases cited may well have been amended, withdrawn or overruled.|
|II Criminal Proceedings|
|III Civil Proceedings|
|IV Review of Agency Decisions|
|Welcome to the Internet portal of the United States Courts for the Ninth Circuit.